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World War II Pacific Theater Case Synopses from Judge Advocate's Reviews Yokohama Class B and C War Crimes Trials
Defendant: Fukuhara, Isao, CLO of POW Camp 17-B, Omuta, Fukuoka, Kyushu, Japan

Docket No./ Date: 6/ Jan. 29, 1946 - Feb. 14, 1946, Yokohama, Japan

Charge: 1. Committing cruel and brutal atrocities against POWs 2. Failing to control, and permitting, members of his command to commit cruel and brutal atrocities and other offenses against POWs


Verdict: Guilty Verdict Upheld for all counts except specification 13/ Death by Hanging

Reviewing Authority's Recommendations: Judge advocate found that the defendant "had no power or authority to inflict the death penalty on " POWs and had known that they were "being beaten to death." Judge advocate felt that the accused not only had legal responsibility as camp commander and the accused must have known that the beatings were going on because the accused made "frequent trips to the guard house."

Reviewing Authority: Ralph W. Yarborough, Lt. Col., Assistant Staff Judge Advocate

Prosecution Arguments:

Defense Arguments: 1. Denied beatings and mistreatment of prisoners 2. Was not aware of nor did he permit abuses committed by subordinates - when he did become aware, he reprimanded them. He was prevented, in fact, from having full authority for reprimanding guards because of the stance of superiors 3. Superior Orders - he was told to adopt harsher measures against POWs

Judge Advocate's Recommendations: Another case where there was scrutiny of specific charges - found Not Guilty by Asst. Judge Advocate because "his name is not found in the evidence adduced."

Child Testifying in Court in Manila.
Photo: U.S. Army, courtesy of Bob Harmon

The trial records of Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan, between 1946 and 1949 is broken into 2 sets:

  1. 59 reels - Records of Trials and Clemency Petitions for Accused Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan (1946-1948)
  2. 5 reels - Reviews of the Yokohama Class B and C war crimes Trials by the 8th Army judge Advocate (1946-1949)

The following is a summary of the corresponding case found in the latter group (5-reel set of Judge Advocate's Reviews). Analysis Prepared by Stella Lee Researcher, War Crimes Studies Center

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