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World War II Pacific Theater Case Synopses from Judge Advocate's Reviews Yokohama Class B and C War Crimes Trials

Defendant: Kawasaki, Iwao, Sergeant, imperial Army of Japan, POW Camp No. 3, Kokuro, Fukuoka, Japan

Docket No./ Date: 37/June 3-10, 946, Yokohama, Japan

Charge: Violation of the Laws and Customs of War: 1. Did willfully and unlawfully commit cruel, inhuman and brutal acts, atrocities and other offenses against certain American and Allied POWs.


Verdict: 25 year confinement at hard labor adjudged by commission/ 15 years confinement approved by Lt. Gen. Eichelberger, JAG

Reviewing Authority's Recommendations: Record is legally sufficient to sustain the findings and sentence of the commission. From the evidence the guilt of the accused is established. There is no evidence that the accused was not sane at the time the alleged aacts were committed.

Reviewing Authority: Cyril D. Hill, Lt. Colonel, Assistant Staff Judge Advocate

Prosecution Arguments: POWs were beaten with hands, "sticks, clubs and rifle butts for no reason at all. This was a daily affair. In some cases, men were beaten for violating camp orders." Other affidavits presented by prosecution presented Kawasaki as committing these beatings for "minor" offenses.

Defense Arguments:

Judge Advocate's Recommendations: Sentence of the accused was shortened by 10 years by Allan R. Browne, Lt. Colonel, JAGD, the reviewer of the reviewer. He stated that since the "accused was found guilty of only three of the five specifications of which he was charged" and because "no deaths or permanent injuries are included," only 15 of the 25 years adjudged should be approved.

Child Testifying in Court in Manila.
Photo: U.S. Army, courtesy of Bob Harmon

The trial records of Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan, between 1946 and 1949 is broken into 2 sets:

  1. 59 reels - Records of Trials and Clemency Petitions for Accused Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan (1946-1948)
  2. 5 reels - Reviews of the Yokohama Class B and C war crimes Trials by the 8th Army judge Advocate (1946-1949)

The following is a summary of the corresponding case found in the latter group (5-reel set of Judge Advocate's Reviews). Analysis Prepared by Stella Lee Researcher, War Crimes Studies Center

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