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World War II Pacific Theater Case Synopses from Judge Advocate's Reviews Yokohama Class B and C War Crimes Trials

Defendant: Toyoma, Fusao, civilian guard in Nagoya Area POW Camp 2-B

Docket No./ Date: 18/ Mar. 25-28, 1946, Yokohama, Japan

Charge: 1. Committed cruel and brutal atrocities and other offenses against POWs


Verdict: 30 years confinement at hard labor

Reviewing Authority's Recommendations: 1. While accused denied charges and tried to show that he was absent from the camp through illness or other causes during the time of the alleged beatings, the "overwhelming preponderence of the evidence established the participation of accused." 2. While accused was a "mere guard and was not the responsible officer in charge, the evidence does not show that he acted under orders in beating prisoners." In fact, the evidence seems to show that the accused was reprimanded and confined for his actions. 3. Accused took the lead in committing many atrocities and was "merciless" in beating prisoners. 4. Accused showed that he was aware of his wrong conduct by concealing it from other guards.

Reviewing Authority: Ralph W. Yarborough, Lt. Col., Assistant Staff Judge Advocate

Prosecution Arguments:

Defense Arguments: 1. Admitted to slapping or shoving prisoners but denied any further, harsher beatings or mistreatment 2. Claimed to have no authority to relieve men from duty for medical reasons

Judge Advocate's Recommendations:

Child Testifying in Court in Manila.
Photo: U.S. Army, courtesy of Bob Harmon

The trial records of Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan, between 1946 and 1949 is broken into 2 sets:

  1. 59 reels - Records of Trials and Clemency Petitions for Accused Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan (1946-1948)
  2. 5 reels - Reviews of the Yokohama Class B and C war crimes Trials by the 8th Army judge Advocate (1946-1949)

The following is a summary of the corresponding case found in the latter group (5-reel set of Judge Advocate's Reviews). Analysis Prepared by Stella Lee Researcher, War Crimes Studies Center

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