Defendant: Watanabe, Sadao, Civilian Guard, Hakodate First Branch PW
Camp, Muroran, Hokkaido, Japan
Docket No./ Date: 43/July 26 - Aug. 9, 1946, Yokohama, Japan
Charge: Violation of the Laws and Customs of War: 1. Did willfully and
unlawfully commit cruel and brutal acts, atrocities and other offenses
against certain Allied PWs.
Specifications: beating with belt, fists, rifle butt, stick; kicking;
physical and psychological torture using a bayonet; forcing PWs to beat
Verdict: 30 years CHL
Reviewing Authority's Recommendations: Accused was employed as a civilian
guard. Accused was the "Watanabe" responsible for the acts alleged.
Accused beat PWs for minor infractions of rules, for personal vengeance,
or for no reason at all. Accused even beat prisoners who were ill and
thus could not follow certain procedures.
Reviewing Authority: Accused denied the specifications as charged. He
admitted striking PWs for violations of regulations but not severely.
He also denied having kicked any PWs.
Prosecution Arguments: Record is legally sufficient to support the findings.
Accused admitted to striking prisoners on occasion.
Defense Arguments: Paul E. Spurlock, Reviewer, Judge Advocate Section
Judge Advocate's Recommendations: Lt. Col. Allan R. Browne found that
the sentence of 30 years for the accused, found guilty of 18 specifications,
was too lenient.