Welcome!

My name is Min Baek. I am a Korean/American trans woman, philosopher, and programmer. My specialty is philosophy of computation, a hyperrationalism that passes over into humble, proactive, humanism.

I critique humanity-computing technologies such as ad networks, facial recognition, and racist AI, and labor to realize technologies which make humanity more uncomputable. Currently my research focuses on Cantor-diagonalizing capital, which is beginning to manifest in Ethereum applications pertaining to social currency. I study BIPOC philosophy, thought, and resistance movements in America, focusing on its theoretical intersections with the colonization of Korea, inter-Korean division, and hope for reunity. A more long-term goal is an a priori systematization of ancestral Korean medicinal philosophy through the lens of formal logics and computational complexity theory.

As of July 2020, I am on leave from Microsoft Corporation.

In 2017-18, I taught "CS198-79: The Poetry of Computer Science, the Computer Science of Poetry", a course at UC Berkeley, as co-founder of Philosophy of Computation at Berkeley. Here is the Textbook I wrote for the course, a Syllabus for Spring 2018, the official Website, Discussion Forum, Course Notes.

I have been an indie game developer since 2007. In 2014, I made 6180 the moon with Turtle Cream. Through 2007-19, I was manager of CrazyGM, a Korean indie game developers' community with ~100k members.

My poetry is published in Glass Mountain, The Eclectic, and this website. I read at Seattle LitCrawl 2018 and 2019, EM Wolfman in Oakland, and the Rubber Flower Poetry Hour in New Orleans with the great Pierrot la Lune. I was also invited to read at Hugo House.

If you want to connect, DM me on Twitter: @problem_halting

Or if you prefer, for Twitter DMs are unsecure: jbaek080 at protonmail dot com

Solution to Moral Philosophy

A Four-Page Summary

Poetry

Selected Poems

Op-eds

Parasite is the first sexual critique of capitalism (Feb 2020)
Its so metaphorical! exclaims KiWoo, several times, throughout Parasite. The metaphors, eventually, bash his head in. Bong JoonHo seems to be warning us: analyze the movie, interpret every gesture, every word, every prop, every symbol, as a metaphor, at your own peril. For your metaphors become self-fulfilling prophecies, and may, eventually, bash your head in.
Software engineers must think deeply about ethics (Oct 2017)
Great power must be accompanied by great responsibility, which remains largely absent in Silicon Valley. The Valley's fantastical vision of a techno-utopian future where robots do all the menial jobs, Universal Basic Income is firmly in place, and everyone can freely pursue their creative endeavors, is just that: a fantasy. Between that fantasy of tomorrow and the reality of today is a gap into which real families, with real mortgages to pay and real mouths to feed, are falling into.

Academic Publications

How to Solve Moral Conundrums with Computability Theory (May 2018)
Various moral conundrums plague population ethics: The Non-Identity Problem, The Procreation Asymmetry, The Repugnant Conclusion, and more. I argue that the aforementioned moral conundrums have a structure neatly accounted for, and solved by, some ideas in computability theory. I introduce a mathematical model based on computability theory and show how previous arguments pertaining to these conundrums fit into the model. This paper proceeds as follows. First, I do a very brief survey of the history of computability theory in moral philosophy. Second, I follow various papers, and show how their arguments fit into, or don't fit into, our model. Third, I discuss the implications of our model to the question why the human race should or should not continue to exist. Finally, I show that our model ineluctably leads us to a Confucian moral principle.
The Poetry of Computer Science, the Computer Science of Poetry (Dec 2017)
Using computer science to talk about moral philosophy is a sort of perversion. In a sense, all philosophy is a sort of perversion. But as a smartypants once said, the purpose of philosophy is the dissolution of philosophy. I know at least a dozen grandmothers and grandfathers, most of them selling fish at a street market, who know everything this book can say and more. The audience I have in mind are the cynics, the highly educated, the "rationalists", who have retreated to their enclave, who refuse to believe anything that cannot be proven, who endorse things like utilitarianism, behaviorism, and The Bell Curve. I believe I can change their minds because they are rational, and rationality is an admirable ontological property. Rationality, for all its faults, does one job very well: when proven wrong, it clips off, however much it hurts, that irrational cancerous outgrowth, the misapplication of ego. What this book has tried to do is to show that the Modern Scientific World View, and its moral philosophy, which purports to be based on rationality, is utterly irrational. I tried to show this using something every "rationalist" would agree as a method for achieving rational truth: theoretical computer science.
Paper 3: Uncomputability and the Categorical Imperative (Dec 2017)
When Kant said we must not treat humans as mere means, but ends in themselves, he was saying that humans are arbitrary programs, not specific programs. Therefore, we cannot use them as mere means, and must treat them as ends in themselves. And the sense just used in cannot and must is not that of mere moral indoctrination. It is the authority of mathematics. So Williams has been answered: we legislate to the moral sentiments by right of mathematical fact.
Culture, Computation, Morality (May 2017)
I point to a deep and unjustly ignored relation between culture and computation. I first establish interpretations of Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories of child development with the language of theoretical computer science. Using these interpretations, I argue that the two different possible routes to Piagetian disequilibrium -- a tendency to overaccommodate, and a tendency to overassimilate -- are equivalent to the two distinct cultural tendencies, collectivistism and individualism. I argue that this simple characterization of overaccommodation versus overassimilation provides a satisfying explanation as to why the two cultural tendencies differ in the way they empirically do. All such notions are grounded on a firm mathematical framework for those who prefer the computable, and grounded on my personal history for those who prefer the uncomputable.
The Value Function of Human-Compatible AI (MAy 2016)
It seems that complexity theory has a surprising relationship with morality. Generally, if a decision renders the environment seemingly more complex than another decision, this decision is considered moral.
How to Do Things With Metaphors (Dec 2015)
A Markov Chain algorithm can "learn" by being fed some text, and then it can generate some string of words according to the aforementioned assumptions. To give a feel of what this does, I have written a simple Markov Chain algorithm, fed it some of my own poetry, and asked it to spit some back out:
They seep and leap and feel and all other
mouths seemed occupied with drooling moist. Besides her bed, a bed
full of lava. Why won’t you melt inside of me? Your components are nice,
and they looked at the sky and their faces grew
red, and they sang in despair a lullaby rhythm. The
rain, rolling by like guilty trains.
Hobbes and Xunzi on Human Nature: the Fixed and the Changing (Nov 2017)
The object is the fixed, the existent; the configuration is the changing, the variable. (TLP 2.0271, Wittgenstein)


Technical Reviews

Identifying Semantic Components From Cross-Language Variation, Structured Lexical Sources, and Corpora: a Review of Recent Literature (Aug 2016)
Distributional semantics makes a compelling case of how meaning arises from statistical distributions of data. So far, most accounts of distributional semantics have focused on English words and using vectors to represent those words. However, that landscape is quickly changing. Recent efforts on distributional semantics may be divided into at least four clusters: using more complicated mathematics to represent words and compositions of words, leveraging high quality structured knowledge bases, combining multiple languages, and going beyond corpus training data to visual, auditory, and olfactory training data, to giving the machine multiple modalities, so to speak. What emerges is an exciting hodgepodge of ideas that look ripe to advance further and intertwine together. In what follows, I have listed papers of interest with a brief summary of their methods and, if particularly promising, an extended discussion of their formalizations and limitations.