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World War II Pacific Theater Case Synopses from Judge Advocate's Reviews Yokohama Class B and C War Crimes Trials

Defendant: Tsujino (Isujino), Akiyoshi, medical orderly, Hirota POW Branch Camp, Honshu, Japan

Docket No./ Date: 24/ April 10, 1946, Yokohama, Japan?

Charge: 1. Committed brutal atrocities against American POWs


Verdict: 30 years confinement at hard labor

Reviewing Authority's Recommendations: 1. Defendant is positively identified in connection with "the almost daily beating, kicking and other brutal mistreatment of numerous prisoners without cause or trial." 2. "Accused's participation in the crimes was a question of fact and the commission, as the trier of fact, was amply justified in rejecting the defense of denial in favor of overwhelming prosecution evidence to the contrary."

Reviewing Authority: James A. Byrum, 1st Lieutenant, Assistant Staff Judge Advocate

Prosecution Arguments:

Defense Arguments: 1. Superior Orders - Possessed no authority to take disciplinary action against any POWs, and only participated in such incidents when order to do so by higher authority. 2. Mistaken identity - Accused stated that he heard about he beatings but did not participate in them. 3. Denied knowledge of specification 6. 4. Accused stated that he gave the sick prisoners "daily exercise at the order of the camp commander and the medical officer."

Judge Advocate's Recommendations:

Child Testifying in Court in Manila.
Photo: U.S. Army, courtesy of Bob Harmon

The trial records of Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan, between 1946 and 1949 is broken into 2 sets:

  1. 59 reels - Records of Trials and Clemency Petitions for Accused Japanese War Criminals Tried at Yokohama, Japan (1946-1948)
  2. 5 reels - Reviews of the Yokohama Class B and C war crimes Trials by the 8th Army judge Advocate (1946-1949)

The following is a summary of the corresponding case found in the latter group (5-reel set of Judge Advocate's Reviews). Analysis Prepared by Stella Lee Researcher, War Crimes Studies Center

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