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Modern Genomics

A microarray from a gene chip, locating polymorphisms of genes.


With the completion of the Human Genome Project, the scientific community in genetics turned its head towards another goal: the interpretation of this data. At this point, it was clear that they had the technology and the technique to easily sequence large genomes, but making sense of the data they acquired from these sequencing projects required much more demanding attention. Keeping in mind that DNA contains the sequence that encodes the proteins required for cellular physiology, and ultimately physiology of the organism, the next goal was to identify the function of the DNA sequences they found. In order to this, a new field was constructed to identify which genes are active in different cells of different organisms. This field is known as Genomics, consisting of many intertwined sub-categories including the two important fields of Functional Genomics and Computational Genomics. These two fields, given the necessary computing power and technology, have great potential in the future of fields such as medicine.

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Copyright 2006 © Biocomputing Admin Ed Yung