I am a doctoral candidate in sociology at University of California, Berkeley, studying how state and professional organizations shape gendered, racialized, and socioeconomic inequalities in maternal and child welfare. My research interests include the politics of the welfare state, risk regulation in medicine and social work, and the evolution of professional and state authority. My dissertation and book project, Punitive Protection: The Transformation of Child Welfare and Perinatal Regulation in the United States (1950-2000), investigates evolving norms in American welfare governance, with a particular focus on the intertwined development of child and perinatal protective policies from 1950-2000. In my prior research, I have studied the politics of educational regulation, religion and organizational change, and gendered forms of resistance during the Holocaust. My research projects are built on an array of large and complex datasets, inspiring an interest in how the application of diverse data sources—archival, administrative, and legal—can explain the complex institutional factors that underlie social inequities in maternal and child welfare, health, and education.