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General Psychology

Scientific Approaches

to Consciousness

Social Cognition


Human Learning

and Memory

Principles of Learning and Memory

Lecture Supplements for

Psychology 122, "Human Learning and Memory"


John F. Kihlstrom

University of California, Berkeley


At a banquet, Mnemosyne, Mother of the Muses, helps a man to remember.  Mosaic from the House of Mnemosyne, Antioch, 2nd - 3rd century CE (Imperial Roman Period).  Now in the Antakya Museum, Turkey. From the Theoi Greek Mythology website.



This web site is based on lectures prepared for Psychology 122, "Human Learning and Memory", an undergraduate survey course taught at the University of California, Berkeley, in Fall 1999. 

The material has been updated occasionally and sporadically since then.  Therefore, this website is not to be construed as an absolutely up-to-date survey of human learning and memory.  But with its historical approach, and emphasis on classic studies and enduring principles, even in the absence of systematic updating it should constitute a useful guide to the scientific literature on memory.

Chiefly, this website lacks up-to-date information about the cognitive neuroscience of memory -- an area where there have been great advances since 1999.

By the turn of the 21st century, the basic principles of the psychology of memory -- as opposed to how those principles were implemented n neural systems -- were well known.  This website is best viewed as a summary of that knowledge. 


This page last revised 04/07/2015.